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Welcome to the Duke University
Ultrasound Transducer Group

Professor Stephen Smith

Publications

  1. Emery CD, Swartz JC, Casey HC, Jr., and Smith SW, Optoelectronic transmitter for medical ultrasound transducers, IEEE Trans. on Ultrason., Ferroelectrics and Freq. Control, UFFC-42, 188-199, 1995.
  2. Smith SW, Lopath PA, Adams DA, and Walcott GP, Cardiac ultrasound phantom using a porcine heart model, Ultrasound in Med. and Biol. 21, 693-697, 1995.
  3. Goldberg RL and Smith SW, "Optimization of SNR for multi-layer PZT transducers", Ultrasonic Imaging, 17, 95-113,1995.
  4. Goldberg RL and Smith SW, Transducers for medical ultrasound, in Biomedical Engineering Handbook, J.D. Bronzino, ed, CRC Press Boca Raton, FL, 1077-1092, 1995 .
  5. Ries LL and Smith SW, "Phase aberration correction in two dimensions using a deformable array transducer", Ultrasonic Imaging, 17, 227-247, 1995.
  6. Goldberg RL, Emery CD and Smith SW, "Hybrid multi/single layer array transducers for increased signal to noise ratio," IEEE Trans. Ultrason. Ferro. Freq. Control., 44, 315-325, 1997.
  7. Goldberg RL, Jurgens ML, Henriquez C, Vaughan D, Mills DM and Smith SW, "Modeling of piezoelectric multilayer ceramics using finite element analysis", IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control, 44, 1204-1211, 1997.
  8. Davidsen RF and Smith SW, "Two-dimensional arrays for medical ultrasound using multilayer flexible circuit interconnection", IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control, 45, 338-348,1998.
  9. Ries LL and Smith SW, "Phase aberration correction in two dimensions with an integrated deformable actuator/transducer", IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control, 44, 1366-1375, 1997.
  10. Emery CD and Smith SW, "Improved signal to noise ratio in hybrid 2-D arrays: experimental confirmation", Ultrasonic Imaging, 19, 1997 .
  11. Davidsen RE and Smith SW, "Multiplexed 2-D array for real time volumetric ultrasound scanning" Ultrasonic Imaging, 19, 235-250, 1997.
  12. Ries LL and Smith SW, "Finite element analysis of a deformable array transducer", IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control, 46, 1352-1363, 1999.
  13. Ota T, Fleishman CE, Stetten G, Ohizama CJ, Smith SW, Castellucci JB, Kisslo J and von Ramm OT, "Volume measurements using high speed volumetric scanning, real time three dimensional echocardiography: in vitro validation" submitted to Circulation.
  14. Emery CD, Casey HC and Smith SW "Ultrasonic imaging using optoelectronic transmitters", Ultrasonic Imaging, 19, 93-111,1997.
  15. Light ED, Davidsen RE, Fiering JO, Hruschka TA, and Smith SW, "Progress in 2-D arrays for real time volumetric imaging", Ultrasonic Imaging , 20, 1-16, 1998.
  16. Emery CD and Smith SW, "Ultrasound imaging using a 5 MHz Multilayer/Single Layer Hybrid Array for Increased Signal to Noise Ratio", IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control, 46, 1101-1119, 1999.
  17. Mills DM and Smith SW, "Hybrid multilayer PZT/polymer composite transducer to increase signal to noise ratio and bandwidth for medical ultrasound", IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control, 46, 961-971, 1999.
  18. Yen JT and Smith SW "Sparse 2D array design for real time rectilinear volumetric imaging", IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control, 47, 93-110,2000
  19. Fiering JO, Hultman P, Lee W, Light ED and Smith SW, "High density flexible interconnect for two-dimensional ultrasound arrays", IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control, 47, 764-770, 2000
  20. Zara JM, Bobbio SM, Goodwin-Johansson S, and Smith SW, "Intracardiac ultrasound scanner using a micromachine (MEMS) actuator", IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control, 47, 984-993, 2000.
  21. Mills DM and Smith SW, "Multi-layered PZT/Polymer composites to increase signal to noise ratio and resolution for medical ultrasound transducers part II: thick film technology", IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control, 49, 1005-1014, 2002.
  22. Mills, D.M. and Smith, S.W., "Finite element comparison of single crystal vs. multi-layer composite arrays for medical ultrasound", IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control, 49, 1015-1020, 2002.
  23. Gentry KL, Zara JM, Bu SD, Eom CB, and Smith SW, Thick film sol gel PZT transducer using dip coating, (submitted to IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control).
  24. Light ED, Idriss SF, Wolf PD and Smith SW, "Real Time 3D Intracardiac Echocardiography", Ultrasound in Med and Biol., 27, 1177-1183, 2001.
  25. Lee W and Smith SW, "Intracardiac catheter 2D arrays on a silicon substrate", IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control, 49, 415-425, 2002.
  26. Yen JT and Smith SW "Real time rectilinear volumetric imaging", IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control, 49, 114-124, 2002.
  27. Smith, SW, Light, ED, Idriss, SF, and Wolf, PD, "Feasibility study of real time three dimensional intracardiac echocardiography", Pacing and Clin. Electrophys. 25, 351-357, 2002.
  28. Light ED, Idriss SF, and Wolf PD, Smith SW, "Real time three dimensional Doppler intracardiac echocardiography", Ultrasonic Imaging, 24, 36-46, 2002
  29. Yen J.T. and Smith SW "Real time rectilinear volumetric imaging with a periodic array", Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, 7, 923-931, 2002.
  30. Zara JM, and Smith SW, "A micromachine high frequency scanner using photolithographic fabrication", IEEE Trans Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control, 49, 947-958, 2002.
  31. Zara JM, and Smith SW, "Optical scanner using a micromachine actuator", Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 102, 176-184, 2002.
  32. Smith, SW, Booi RC, Light, ED, Merdes CL and Wolf, PD, "Guidance of cardiac pacemaker leads using real time 3D ultrasound: feasibility studies", Ultrasonic Imaging, 24, 119-128, 2002.
  33. Lee W, Idriss, SF, and Wolf, PD,Smith, SW, "Dual lumen transducer probes for real time 3D interventional cardiac ultrasound", Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, 29, 1297-1304, 2003.
  34. Zara JM, Yazdanfar S, Rao KD, Izatt JA, Smith SW, "Electrostatic micromachine scanning mirror for optical coherence tomography", Optics Letters, 28, 628-630, 2003.
  35. Yen JT and Smith SW "Real time rectilinear volumetric imaging with receive mode multiplexers", IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro and Freq. Control 30, 216-226, 2004.
  36. Pua EC, Yen JT and Smith SW, "Real-time cylindrical curvilinear 3-D ultrasound imaging", Ultrasonic Imaging, 25, 109-121, 2003.
  37. Gentry KL and Smith SW, "Integrated Catheter for 3-D Intracardiac Echocardiography and Ultrasound Ablation", IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro. And Freq. Control 51, 800-808, 2004.
  38. Lee W, Idriss SF, Wolf PD, Smith SW, "A miniaturized catheter 2D array for real time 3D intracardiac echocardiography", IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro. And Freq. Control 51, 1334-1346, 2004.
  39. Smith SW, Chu K, Idriss SF, Ivancevich NM, Light ED, Wolf PD, "Feasibility Study: Real time 3D ultrasound imaging of the brain", Ultras. Med. Biol. 30, 1365-1371.
  40. Light ED and Smith SW, "Two dimensional arrays for real time 3D intravascular ultrasound", Ultrasonic Imaging, 26, 115-128, 2004.
  41. Fronheiser MP, Wolf PD, Idriss SF, Nelson RC, Lee W, Smith SW, "Real-time 3D color flow Doppler for guidance of vibrating interventional devices", Ultrasonic Imaging, 26, 71-84, 2004.
  42. Pua EC, Idriss SF, Wolf PD, Smith SW, "Real-time 3D transesophageal echocardiography", Ultrasonic Imaging, 26, 217-232, 2004.
  43. Gentry KL, Sachedina N, Smith, SW "Catheter ultrasound phased-array transducers for thermal ablation: a feasibility study", Ultrasonic Imaging, 27, 89-100, 2005.
  44. Light ED, Idriss SF, Sullivan KF, Wolf PD, Smith SW, "Real-time 3D laparoscopic ultrasonography", Ultrasonic Imaging, 27, 129-144, 2005.
  45. Gentry KL, Palmeri ML, Sachedina N, Smith, SW "Finite-element analysis of temperature rise and lesion formation from catheter ultrasound ablation transducers", IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro. And Freq. Control, 52, 1713-1721, 2005.
  46. Fronheiser MP, Light ED, Idriss SF, Wolf PD, Smith SW, "Real-time 3D ultrasound with multiple transducer arrays", IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro. And Freq. Control, 53, 1432-1439, 2006.
  47. Ivancevich N, Dahl JD, Trahey GE, Smith SW, "Phase-aberration correction with a 3_D ultrasound scanner: feasibility study", IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro. And Freq. Control, 53, 100-105, 2006.
  48. Pua EC, Fronheiser MP, Noble JR, Light ED, Wolf PD, von Allmen D, Smith SW, "3-D ultrasound guidance of surgical robotics: a feasibility study", IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro. And Freq. Control, 53, 1999-2008, 2006.
  49. Noble JR, Fronheiser MP, Smith SW, "Real-time Stereo 3D Ultrasound", Ultrasonic Imaging, 28, 245-254, 2006.
  50. Pua EC, Qiu Y, Smith SW, "Integrated Endoscope for Real-Time 3D Ultrasound Imaging and Hyperthermia: Feasibility Study", Ultrasonic Imaging, 29, 1-14, 2007.
  51. Fronheiser MP and Smith SW, "Analysis of a Vibrating Interventional Device to Improve 3-D Colormark Tracking", IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro. And Freq. Control, vol. 54, 1700-1707, 2007.
  52. Light ED, Srinivasan M, Wolf PD, Smith SW, "Real-Time 3-D Intracranial Ultrasound with an Endoscopic Matrix Array Transducer", Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, vol. 33, 1277-1284, 2007.
  53. Pua EC, Idriss SF, Wolf PD and Smith SW. "Real-Time Three Dimensional Transesophageal Echocardgiography for Guiding Interventional Electrophysiology: Feasibility Study." Ultrasonic Imaging, 29, 159-188, 2007.
  54. Klein SM, Fronheiser MP, Reach J, Nielsen KC and Smith SW. " Piezoelectric vibrating Needle and Catheter for Enhancing Ultrasound-Guided Peripheral Nerve Blocks." Anethesia & Analgesia, vol. 105, No. 6, 1858-1860, 2007.
  55. Ramireddy A, light ED and Smith SW." Ultrasound Probe with Integrated ECG Lead: Feasibility Study"  Ultrasonic Imaging, 29, 195-198, 2007.
  56. Whitman J, Fronheiser MP, Ivancevich NM and Smith SW. "Autonomous Surgical Robotics Using 3-D Ultrasound Guidance: Feasibility Study." Ultrasonic Imaging, 29, 213-219, 2007.
  57. Whitman J, Fronheiser MP and Smith SW. "Using 3-D Ultrasound Guidance of Surgical Robots Using Catheter Transducers: Feasibility Study ." IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro. And Freq. Control, vol. 55, 1143-1145, 2008.
  58. Fronheiser MP, Idriss SF, Wolf PD and Smith SW. "Vibrating Interventional Device Detection Using Real-Time 3-D Color Doppler." IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro. And Freq. Control, vol. 55, 1355-1362, 2008.
  59. Light ED, Angle JF, and Smith SW. " Real-Time 3D Ultrasound Guidance of Interventional Devices." IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro. And Freq. Control, vol. 55, No. 9, 2066-2078, 2008.
  60. Ivancevich NM, Pinton GF, Nicoletto HA, Bennett E., Laskowitz DT and Smith SW. "Real-Time 3-D Contrast-Enhanced Transcranial Ultrasound and Aberration Correction" Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, vol. 34, No. 9, p 1387-1395, 2008.
  61. Reddy KE, Light ED, Rivera DA, Kisslo JA and Smith SW."Color Doppler Imaging of Cardiac Catheters Using Vibrating Motors"  Ultrasonic Imaging, 30, 247-250, 2008.
  62. Smith SW, Ivancevich NM, Lindsey BD, Whitman J, Light ED, Fronheiser MP, Nicoletto HA, Laskowitz DT " The Ultrasound Brain Helmet: Feasibility Study of Multiple Simultaneous 3D Scans of Cerebral Vasculature"  Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, vol. 35, No. 2, 329-338, 2009.
  63. Herickhoff CD, Light ED, Bing KF, Mukundan S, Grant GA, Wolf PD and Smith SW, "Dual-Mode Intracranial Catheter Integrating 3D Ultrasound Imaging and Hyperthermia for Neuro-oncology: Feasibility Study"  Ultrasonic Imaging, 31, 81-100, 2009.
  64. Rogers AJ, Light ED and Smith SW, " 3-D Ultrasound Guidance of Autonomous Robot for Location of Ferrous Shrapnel" IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro. And Freq. Control, vol. 56, 1301-1303, 2009.
  65. Ivancevich NM, Dahl JJ and Smith SW, "Comparison of 3-D Muliti-Lag Cross-Correlation and Speckle Brightness Aberration Correction Algorithms on Static and Moving Targets"  IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro. And Freq. Control, vol. 56, 2157-2166, 2009.
  66. Light, ED, Lieu, V and Smith, SW, “New Fabrication Techniques for Ring-array Transducers for Real-Time 3D Intravascular UltrasoundUltrasonic Imaging , 31, 247-256, 2009.
  67. Liang K, Rogers AJ, Light ED, von Allmen D and Smith SW, "Three-Dimensional Ultrasound Guidance of Autonomous Robotic Breast Biopsy: Feasibility Study"  Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, vol. 36, No. 1, 173-177, 2010.
  68. Liang K, Rogers AJ, Light ED, von Allmen D and Smith SW, "Simulation of Autonomous Robotic Multiple-Core Biopsy by 3D Ultrasound Guidance" Ultrasonic Imaging , 32, 118-127, 2010.
  69. Herickhoff CD, Grant GA, Britz GW, and Smith SW, "Dual-mode IVUS catheter for intracranial image-guided hyperthermia: Feasibility study" IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro. And Freq. Control , vol. 57, No. 11, 2572-2584, 2010.
  70. Lindsey BD, Light ED, Nicoletto HA, Bennett ER, Laskowitz DT, and Smith SW, "The ultrasound brain helmet: New transducers and volume registration for in vivo simultaneous multi-transducer 3D transcranial imaging"IEEE Trans. Ultras. Ferro. and Freq. Control, vol. 58, No. 6, 1189-1202, 2011.
  71. Light ED, Lieu V, and Smith SW, "Progress in ring array transducers for real-time 3D ultrasound guidance of cardiac interventional devices" Ultrasonic Imaging, vol. 33, No. 3, 197-204, 2011.
  72. Herickhoff CD, Wilson CM, Grant GA, Britz GW, Light ED, Palmeri ML, Wolf PD, and Smith SW, "Dual-mode IVUS transducer for image-guided brain therapy: Preliminary Experiments" Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, vol. 37, No. 10, 1667-76, 2011.
  73. Light ED, Lindsey BD, Upchurch JA, and Smith SW, "Ring array transducers for real-time 3D imaging of an atrial septal occluder" Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, vol. 38, No. 8, 1483-1487, 2012.
  74. Patel V, Light ED, Herickhoff CD, Grant GA, Britz G, Wilson C, Palmeri M, and Smith SW, "Intracranial dual-mode IVUS and hyperthermia using circular arrays: Preliminary experiments" Ultrasonic Imaging, vol. 35, No. 1, 17-29, 2013.
  75. Lindsey BD and Smith SW, "Pitch-catch phase aberration correction of multiple isoplanatic patches for 3D transcranial ultrasound imaging," IEEE Trans Ultrason Ferroelectr Freq Control, vol. 60, No. 3, 463-480, 2013.
  76. Lindsey BD, Nicoletto HA, Bennett ER, Laskowitz DT, Smith SW, "Simultaneous bilateral real-time 3D transcranial ultrasound imaging at 1 MHz through poor acoustic windows," Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, vol. 39, No. 4, 721-734, 2013.
  77. Lindsey BD, Nicoletto HA, Bennett ER, Laskowitz DT, Smith SW, "Three-dimensional transcranial ultrasound imaging with bilateral phase aberration correction of multiple isoplanatic patches: A pilot human study with microbubble contrast," Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, vol. 40, No. 1, 90-101, 2014.
  78. Lindsey BD and Smith SW, "Refraction correction in 3D transcranial ultrasound imaging," Ultrasonic Imaging, vol. 36, No. 1, 35-54, 2014.

 

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